Today there are a variety of groups of scientists from several prestigious universities around the world that focus on photovoltaics and are willing to take research on solar cells to a whole new level. All research efforts can be divided into three main categories: do these cheaper and more efficient cells, develop new materials to serve as light load and absorbent carriers and develop new advanced technologies that can be used by Big D manufacturers reduce production costs and make easier the manufacturing process.
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Many scientists are beginning to realize the benefits of conducting research to make the most of these photovoltaic cells. For example, a team of two prominent researchers from the University of Wisconsin developed a solar panel made of cells that can simultaneously generate and store the free energy from the sun. The stored energy can be used at night or during the day, if the sun is hidden in clouds. While this system has only four percent efficiency, which will surely be of great use in the near future, as more and more homeowners start using solar energy as a primary energy source.
Another group of engineers from the famous University of Wisconsin have started a trend that is expected to challenge silicon, which is now the dominant PV cell material, the key ingredient in solar cells. Instead, they want to replace it with a new low-cost and efficient material that harnesses the power of carbon nanotubes. These carbon nanotubes cell can convert up to seventy-five percent of light absorbed by the panel, which results in increased efficiency of five percent. Definitely worth the work.
Other solar cells Research Technologies
Research on solar cells will not stop there. Scientists are looking for new ways to reduce development costs while increasing the efficiency of solar power systems. They are involved in a number of studies with nanocrystalline material, the thin film photovoltaic cells, the metamorphic multifunction solar cells, organic cells and transparent conductors.
UV also worth mentioning, the infrared solar cells based on silicon wafer and even 3D. The investigation of solar cells is quite surprising, since these cells can be captured in three dimensions almost all the light that hits them, improve the efficiency of more than thirty percent, while reducing weight and size solar panels that They contain.